This is analogous to penalties imposed for instance for robbery or theft - the criminal often has to forfeit one's possessions for taking the property of another person.Similarly, it is fair that one who has consciously taken the life of another person should suffer death.In 2004, as reports Amnesty International, 3,797 people in 25 nations were executed.
First, this punishment is analysed from a purely utilitarian perspective in an effort to find out whether application of capital punishment really helps to deter crime and reduce the risk of recidivism, when criminals commit repeated crimes.
The evidence for this is sought in crime rates in regions and nations where executions are carried out.
Background The history of death penalty is almost as old as the history of mankind.
Various means of capital punishment involved burning, hanging, drowning, crucifixion, breaking on the will, boiling to death, electrocution, firing squad, gassing - the list can be continued.
In other cases, the choice of the method was warranted by the time of crime: witches and heretics had to be burned at the stake.
Argumentative Essay Topics Death Penalty Why I Want To Be An Accountant Essay
Capital punishment was envisaged for a broad array of crimes, “including robbery and theft, even if nobody was physically harmed in the action” (Wikipedia).In Asia (Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand) it is used to punish for drug-related crimes, even though these crimes are mot related to physical injury.As part of anti-death penalty movement, this call to repeal this measure has been upheld by various international organizations.For instance, “the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which among other things forbids capital punishment for juveniles, has been signed and ratified by all countries except the USA and Somalia” (Wikipedia).Some international conventions such as the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the Sixth Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights have been adopted, although they only bind nations that have ratified them.The choice of a particular method in Europe in the Middle Age, for instance, depended on the social status of the condemned.Painless and respectable ways were reserved for the aristocracy; and more painful for the common people, such as hanging or breaking on the wheel.Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch are two prominent organisations fighting against death penalty.The issues involved in the discussion of death penalty usually focus around two main parts.This paper will seek to prove that death penalty has to be preserved as a valid means of prevention serious crimes.It will examine the effect of death penalty on society and its relevance to the protection of interests of common citizens.