This could concern either countries with abundant renewable energy resources, such as sunshine, or critical materials for renewable energy technologies, such as neodymium, cobalt, or lithium.
The resource curse, also known as the paradox of plenty, correlates that countries with an abundance of natural resources (such as fossil fuels and certain minerals), tend to have less economic growth, less democracy, and worse development outcomes than countries with fewer natural resources.
The term resource curse was first used by Richard Auty in 1993 to describe how countries rich in mineral resources were unable to use that wealth to boost their economies and how, counter-intuitively, these countries had lower economic growth than countries without an abundance of natural resources.
With the growing gas market and the shrinking export economy, the Netherlands began to experience a recession.
This process has been witnessed in multiple countries around the world including but not limited to Venezuela (oil), Angola (diamonds, oil), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (diamonds), and various other nations.
This problem has historically influenced the domestic economics of large empires including Rome during its transition from a Republic in 509 BC, and the United Kingdom during the height of its colonial empire.
To compensate for the loss of local employment opportunities, government resources are used to artificially create employment.
However, when the gas began to flow out of the country, so too did its ability to compete against other countries' exports.
With the Netherlands' focus primarily on the new gas exports, the Dutch currency began to appreciate, which harmed the country's ability to export other products.
However, even when the authorities attempt diversification in the economy, this is made difficult because resource extraction is vastly more lucrative and out-competes other industries.
Successful natural-resource-exporting countries often become increasingly dependent on extractive industries over time.