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When railroad officials made Gandhi sit in a third-class coach even though he had purchased a first-class ticket, Gandhi refused and police forced him off the train. Gandhi became an outspoken critic of South Africa’s discrimination policies.When the Boer legislature passed a law requiring that all Indians register with the police and be fingerprinted, Gandhi, along with many other Indians, refused to obey the law.
He was arrested and put in jail, the first of many times he would be imprisoned for disobeying what he believed to be unjust laws.
While in jail, Gandhi read the essay “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau, a 19th-century American writer.
Gandhi, often referred to as Mahatma, the Great Soul, was born into a Hindu merchant family in 1869.
He was heavily influenced by the Hinduism and Jainism of his devoutly religious mother.
Finally, the Boer government agreed to end the most objectionable parts of the registration law.
Business Plan For Software Company - Civil Disobedience Thesis
After 20 years in South Africa, Gandhi went home to India in 1914. Gandhi devoted the rest of his life struggling against what he considered three great evils afflicting India.
When it did not happen, Gandhi called for strikes and other acts of peaceful civil disobedience.
The British sometimes struck back with violence, but Gandhi insisted Indians remain non-violent. But as the movement spread, Indians started rioting in some places. He drew heavy criticism from fellow nationalists, but Gandhi would only lead a non-violent movement. At one trial he said, “In my humble opinion, non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good.” When he was released, he continued leading non-violent protests. He opposed dividing the country into Hindu and Muslim nations, believing in one unified India.
When India finally gained independence, the problem became how Hindus and Muslims would share power. In May 1947, British, Hindu, and Muslim political leaders, but not Gandhi, reached an agreement for independence that created a Hindu-dominated India and a Muslim Pakistan.
As Independence Day (August 15, 1947) approached, an explosion of Hindu and Muslim looting, rape, and murder erupted throughout the land.