Common Cold Research Paper

Common Cold Research Paper-13
Rhinovirus, RSV, Influenza virus, parainfluenza virus and adenovirus are the most common causative organisms for common cold in pre-school children (7).Rhinoviruses are responsible for at least 50 percent of colds in both children and adults.Infections of the upper respiratory tract are very common in children.

Rhinovirus, RSV, Influenza virus, parainfluenza virus and adenovirus are the most common causative organisms for common cold in pre-school children (7).Rhinoviruses are responsible for at least 50 percent of colds in both children and adults.Infections of the upper respiratory tract are very common in children.

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In the absence of pre-existing humoral immunity RV infection will cause an induction in innate immune response with the appearence of type 1 interferon (20). A comparison of the effect of honey, dextrometorphan, and no treatment on nocturnal cough and sleep quality for coughing children and their parents. BTS guidelines: Recomendations for the assessment and management of cough in children.

Consistent with the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) results, epithelial eosinophils and neutrophil counts are increased in subjects with asthma when compared with normal subjects during acute RV infection (21).

Croup is a clinical entity mainly caused by parainfluenza viruses. Pharyngoconjunctival fever is the caused by adenoviruses.

The common cold may accur at any time of the year, but there is typically a high prevalence during the early fall and lasts until late spring.

Adenovirus and enterovirus are rare pathogens of common cold.

An estimated 25 million individuals seek medical care for uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infections (URI) annually and it is the 3 most common reason for hospital admission (2,3).

The prevalance of drug use in children is still as high as P in viral infections.

In 2011 very well known drugs for cough and common cold were taken off the markets for they had not been FDA (Food and Drug Admnistration) approved (6).

Clinical trials have confirmed their lack of efficacy.

This review summarizes the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of common cold in children.

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