Consequentialist And Deontological Ethics Essay

Consequentialist And Deontological Ethics Essay-29
Further, these rigid rules are based on a notion of obligation that is meaningless in modern, secular society because they make no sense without assuming the existence of a lawgiver---an assumption we no longer make.

Further, these rigid rules are based on a notion of obligation that is meaningless in modern, secular society because they make no sense without assuming the existence of a lawgiver---an assumption we no longer make.

Before we go on to consider this in detail, we need to take a brief look at two other philosophers, Bernard Williams and Alasdair Mac Intyre, whose call for theories of virtue was also instrumental in changing our understanding of moral philosophy.

Bernard Williams' philosophical work has always been characterized by its ability to draw our attention to a previously unnoticed but now impressively fruitful area for philosophical discussion.

Anscombe's critical and confrontational approach set the scene for how virtue ethics was to develop in its first few years.

The philosophers who took up Anscombe's call for a return to virtue saw their task as being to define virtue ethics in terms of what it is not---that is, how it differs from and avoids the mistakes made by the other normative theories.

If morality is about what we are obliged to do, then there is no room for what is outside of our control.

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But sometimes attainment of the good life is dependant on things outside of our control.

In the case of humans, Aristotle argued that our distinctive function is reasoning, and so the life “worth living” is one which we reason well.

An agent-based theory emphasizes that virtues are determined by common-sense intuitions that we as observers judge to be admirable traits in other people.

Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences.

A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: “Act as a virtuous person would act in your situation.” Most virtue ethics theories take their inspiration from Aristotle who declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits.

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