Yes, they’re easier to acquire for some people than others, but they can in principle be cultivated in anyone.
This means that if you want to be a good critical reasoner, you need to remember that becoming a critical thinking is all about practice. There are certain muscles you need to build over time.
If it helps, try writing down the answers to the above four questions when faced with a problem, to help yourself remember your process as you go through it.
You can use the same strategy to try and coax someone else through a problem when they bring it to you.
While it is often taught as part of a philosophy course (and has its roots in the work of Plato and Aristotle), critical thinking skills can be helpfully applied to any problem, subject area, question or concept.
It involves closely monitoring your own thoughts, paying heed to where they come from and how they follow from each other, and it requires a degree of open-mindedness.
The critical thinking process is a mental activity of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information to reach an answer or conclusion.
It can also be viewed as a mental process that involves high quality and high level of thinking for problem solving and decision making.
The Individual Component includes three steps: –List –Evaluate, and –Restructure; whereas the Team-based Component consists of three steps: –List, –Discuss and Evaluate, and –Integrate and Restructure.
In each component, the learner is given essential opportunity to practice high level thinking and independent reasoning, and another chance to discuss and debate with other learners leading to an effective critical thinking medium.