Essay About Causes And Effects Of Soil Pollution

Essay About Causes And Effects Of Soil Pollution-18
There are many highly effective fertilizers available in the market proving their best to improve crop production however getting more toxic and polluting the whole fertile soil when sprinkled over crops.Varieties of other pesticides (like insecticides, fungicides, etc) are also getting used by the farmers to save their crops from the insects and fungus.Human released toxic chemicals are increasing the overall soil toxicity level.

There are many highly effective fertilizers available in the market proving their best to improve crop production however getting more toxic and polluting the whole fertile soil when sprinkled over crops.Varieties of other pesticides (like insecticides, fungicides, etc) are also getting used by the farmers to save their crops from the insects and fungus.

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Soil pollution is the gradual process of soil poisoning of the toxic soil contaminants.

Soil pollution is the contamination of the soil of fertile land which is gradually increasing day by day mainly because of the use of fertilizers and industrialization.

Such type of pesticides are also very toxic and spreading their side effects to the environment by polluting the land and air.

Other ways of soil pollution are acidification, agrochemical pollution, salinization, and contamination by metalliferous wastes.

Soil pollution is the polluted soil because of the presence of toxic chemicals (also called pollutants or contaminants) in very high concentration to the soil of fertile land.

Some of the contaminants occur naturally however most of them are due to the industrialization and human activities.Soil pollutants are generally of two types called as organic and inorganic whether released naturally and man-made.The main reasons of soil pollution are human activities including accidental leaks, spills, manufacturing processes, dumping, etc.Main cause of the soil pollution are excessive soil erosion, forest fires, use of chemical fertilizers to improve crop production, pesticides (insecticides and herbicides), biocides (malathion, D. T., dieldrin, endrin, aldrin, lindane) to get control over insects, urban and industrial wastes, leaching, drought, untreated industrial water irrigation, water logging, over irrigation, deforestation, etc.It is increasing day by day at a faster rate in the rural and urban areas of the country.Polluted soil is the low quality soil by various actions of man and natural processes which makes soil unfit for the crop production.Increasing human population and advancement of the human lives is causing soil pollution to a great extent.Soil pollution is the contamination of the fertile soil which reduces the productivity of soil because of various toxic pollutants.Toxic pollutants are very dangerous and adversely affect the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil.Acidification is a common natural cause associated with long term leaching and microbial respiration which gradually decomposes the organic materials of soil (like humic and fulvic acids) which again stimulates leaching.Use of inorganic fertilizers on the fertile lands has increased the level of soil pollution by decreasing the soil fertility at a faster rate.

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