It's also important to be faithful to the text when you're using direct quotations from the passage.
Misquoting or badly paraphrasing the author’s words weakens your essay, because the evidence you’re using to support your points is faulty.
The response is free of substantive errors of fact and interpretation with regard to the text.
The response makes appropriate use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating an understanding of the source text.
For the purpose of going deeper into just what the SAT is looking for in your essay, I've then broken down each category further (with examples).
How To Solve Growth And Decay Problems - Essay Marking Scheme
The information in all three charts is taken from the College Board site.
The next step beyond being factually accurate about the passage is showing that you understand the central ideas of the text and how details of the passage relate back to this central idea. In order to be able to explain why the author is persuasive, you need to be able to explain the structure of the argument.
And you can’t deconstruct the author's argument if you don’t understand the central idea of the passage and how the details relate to it.
The paraphrase contradicts the passage, and so would negatively affect your reading score.
Now let's look at an accurate paraphrasing of the quotation: The author builds his argument by discussing how, since hot-dogs are never served cut in half, they are therefore different from sandwiches.