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They should even be willing to go to jail rather than yield to immoral or unethical government laws and activities.Thoreau believed every human being has inborn knowledge that enables him to recognize and understand moral truth without benefit of knowledge obtained through the physical senses.
that is, they believed that this inner knowledge was a higher, transcendent form of knowledge than that which came through the senses.
Because Thoreau and his fellow transcendentalists trusted their own inner light as a moral guiding force, they were possessed of a fierce spirit of self-reliance.
Using ideas promoted in Hindu and Christian philosophy, as well as tactics espoused by Thoreau and Russian writer Leo Tolstoy, Gandhi led a successful campaign of passive resistance in South Africa between 18 to obtain civil rights for immigrants from India.
But rather than terming his philosophy of peaceful agitation either civil disobedience or passive resistance, he called it satyagraha (pronounced SAHT ya GRUH ha), a Hindi (Indo-Aryan language) word via sanskrit (old Indo-European language).
If they have God on their side, they have reason enough to act at once without official approval.
Essay Of Civil Disobedience
If even only one honest man would stand on principle and be willing to go to jail for his action, we could abolish slavery in America.
He used the word transcendental to refer to intuitive or innate knowledge Among them was Mohandas K.
(Mahatma) Gandhi (1869-1948), the great Indian leader.
As a result of his writings and personal witness, we are the heirs of a legacy of creative protest."Henry David Thoreau was born in Concord, Mass., on July 12, 1817.
After graduating from Harvard University in 1837, he taught school but quit after a few weeks, then worked for a short while for his father, a pencil-maker.