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People with FASD often have difficulty in the following areas: coordination, emotional control, school work, socialization and holding a job.In addition, they often make bad decisions, repeat the same mistakes, trust the wrong people, and do not understand the consequences of their actions.In addition to how much, how often, and in what stage of pregnancy a woman drinks, other factors can also play a role in how fetal alcohol exposure affects children.
Alcohol can harm your baby at any stage during a pregnancy.
That includes the earliest stages, before you even know you are pregnant.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Introductions to Addictions Human-1125-Net02 Mary Beth Mulcahy October 14, 2013 Drinking alcohol pre-pregnancy or during pregnancy can cause abnormalities in the infant which is a condition called fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), or a less severe condition termed fetal alcohol effects (FAE).
Sometimes these conditions in combination are termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) as stated in “Loosening the Grip”.
A variety of programs have been developed to prevent drinking during pregnancy and the resulting health problems.
Some of these efforts, such as public service announcements and beverage warning labels, are universal and strive to increase the public's knowledge about FAS.
Listed below are the possible characteristics and behaviors found in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder stated in Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: • Abnormal facial features, such as smooth ridge between nose and upper lip • Small head size • Shorter than average height • Low body weight • Poor coordination • Hyperactive behavior • Difficulty paying attention • Poor memory • Difficulty in school (especially with math) • Learning disabilities • Speech and language delays • Intellectual disability or low IQ • Poor reasoning and judgment skills • Sleep and sucking problems as a baby • Vision and hearing problems • Problems with heart, kidney, or bones Children also have problems with feeding and are very irritable.
Sleeping and eating are so irregular that it is hard for the baby to be cared for, and can also cause a problem with the bonding with the mother.
Certain "protective factors" can help reduce the effects of FASDs and help people who have them reach their full potential.
They include There is no known safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy.