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Totalitarianism is best understood as any system of political ideas that is both thoroughly dictatorial and utopian.It is an ideal type of governing notion, and as such, it cannot be realised perfectly.In the seventeenth century, absolutists and royalists such as Thomas Hobbes and Jacques Bossuet advocated, in various ways, a strong centralized state as a guarantor against chaos in conformity with natural law and biblical precedent.
Totalitarianism’s appeal is linked to a variety of perennial values and intellectual commitments.
Although a distinctly modern problem, proto-totalitarian notions may be found in a variety of philosophical and political systems.
In particular, Plato’s utopian society discussed in the featured a caste-based society in which both social and moral order are to be maintained and fostered through strict political control and eugenics.
It must furthermore involve an important element of negotiation and compromise over dogmatic assertion.
Furthermore, Dewey held that the rise of modern dictatorships was in part a reaction to an excessive form of individualism that isolated human beings from each other, and that offered only modern capitalism in mass society as a choice: The negative and empty character of this individualism had consequences which produced a reaction toward an equally arbitrary and one-sided collectivism.