Ethics Of Capital Punishment Essay

Ethics Of Capital Punishment Essay-83
If someone is wrongly executed—either because she is innocent, or subject to procedural injustice at trial—there is no way to right the wrong.Some abolitionists argue that because a just state is obliged to undo its serious mistakes, it mustn’t impose irrevocable punishments like the death penalty. S., twenty-nine states, the federal government, and the military allow for the death penalty.

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If the death penalty is viewed solely in terms of its usefulness and that is to be the sole determinant of its ethical nature, then one could argue that the state should torture offenders if that would prove to have a deterrent effect.

Obviously we have advanced beyond that position, and it is my hope that we will one day advance beyond the death penalty as well.

At a later point in this term paper—-when the research paper argues that the death penalty is not administered fairly in the real world—-the student should have more to say about this.

Here the student should attempt to argue that even if it could be shown that the deterrence effect actually occurs, that that does not, by itself alone, justify the death penalty.

But deterrence theories could allow executing the innocent: if executing an innocent person would prevent future murders and authorities could keep her innocence secret, the benefits would plausibly outweigh the costs and deterrence theories would support killing her., that in virtue of which persons are owed respect.

Actions that violate dignity, like torture, are widely condemned.For detailed information on capital punishment by U. The purgative rationale applies only to extraordinarily evil offenders, not to garden-variety first-degree murderers (Kramer 2011).That is, it applies only to people like Adam Lanza, the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooter, who in 2012 shot to death twenty six- and seven-year old students and six school staff. Pure deterrence theories can be contrasted with two-level theories.With respect to the second point, there are some things too barbarous to be used no matter how beneficial they might prove to be as instruments of deterrence.That is why the constitution bans cruel and unusual punishments.But when we consider that litigating capital cases is difficult and time-consuming, and poor defendants must rely on overworked public defenders, many of whom have no experience with capital trials, the consequences seem clear.For harrowing stories of how bad lawyering leads to death sentences, see Bright (1994).The purely ethical argument for capital punishment is discussed by many research papers on the death penalty.Capital punishment research papers note that two arguments can be made in favor of the death penalty: The argument for the social utility of the death penalty, the deterrence argument, has received a great deal of attention throughout the history of the controversy.Abolitionists argue that because execution destroys the capacity for dignity, it violates dignity and is thus immoral.Advocates question whether eliminating the condition of some valuable feature actually offends against that feature: e.g., killing people annihilates their ability to practice religion, yet it’s odd to characterize execution as violating religious freedom. S., capital juries may sentence a convicted murderer to life in prison, instead of execution, for almost any reason whatsoever.


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