It is written from the perspective of science and technology studies, in particular developments in actor-network theory, and draws on the notion of the assemblage from the work of Deleuze and Guattari.The data for this thesis derives from a six-month field study of the routine discourse and practices of user-centered designers working for a multinational microprocessor manufacturer.
Very often, they are classified as ‘EAL’ (because they use English as an additional language) and are required to learn the majority language so that they can access the curriculum.
I argue that this needs rethinking to take account of the skills, experiences and aspirations of the young people. The first describes the setting and the broader context, and sets out the methodology that I follow in this study.
Lastly, various types of stigma management occur in bus spaces.
Riders both respond to and ignore particular stigmatized riders - the outcasts, the disruptors, and the freeloaders.
It shows how their migration ‘trajectories’ are a crucial resource as they make sense of the school, and how they draw together resources from other times and places as they do (a process I describe as ‘networking’).
The study also shows classrooms to be complex sociolinguistic environments with distinct interactional spaces, allowing the young people great flexibility as they encounter and negotiate the institution and each other.
The central argument of this thesis is that users are assembled along with the new technologies whose design they resource, as well as with new configurations of socio-cultural life that they bring into view.
Informing this argument are two interrelated insights.
This study focuses on five bus lines in Los Angeles running along several of the city's main thoroughfares as part of the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) transit network - three established local (Metro Local) routes and two newer bus rapid transit (BRT or Metro Rapid) lines.
The findings suggest that life on buses includes a myriad of complex social and interpersonal interactions.