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If the logical structures are not valid, the argument will fail, even if all of the premises are true and correct." (Source: LEO: Logical Fallacies: Irrelevant Connections) For example, "I always feel happy when I eat a green apple but I don't feel that way when I eat a red apple.Therefore, green apples are better for me than red apples".
Knowing that he/she doesn't have enough information to logically prove a strong argument, the author instead chooses to distract from the argument with other information.
For more information and examples of the fallacies within this category, please refer to LEO: Logical Fallacies: Distraction From The Argument.
Thus, a "red herring" argument is one which distracts the audience from the issue in question through the introduction of some irrelevancy.
This "reasoning" takes the following form: Quibbling occurs when a very small part of a person's argument, often the extremely precise meaning of a word, is focused on, rather than the argument as a whole.
For more information and examples of the fallacies within this category, please refer to LEO: Logical Fallacies: Generalization.
An author's argument might be factually correct; however, the argument can still fail "because of the type of connections established between the parts of the argument.
This sort of "reasoning" is fallacious because changing the topic of discussion does not count as an argument against a claim.
The name of this fallacy comes from the sport of fox hunting in which a dried, smoked herring, which is red in color, is dragged across the trail of the fox to throw the hounds off the scent.
Consider the following statements: "I cannot get a job because the public education system failed me; I have to steal to survive.
It is society's fault, not mine." (Source: LEO: Logical Fallacies: Feelings) This argument is not logical because the author attempts to engage the audience's emotions and have people feel sorry for his/her situation. For more examples of fallacies that fall within this category, please refer to LEO: Logical Fallacies: Feelings.