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Being smart is no longer determined by a score on a test; being smart is determined by how well students learn in a variety of ways.We, as humans, have a penchant for measuring things. In Paris in the early 1900s, Alfred Binet was asked to develop an instrument that would identify youngsters who were mentally deficient and in need of extra help.
Educators sometimes lament a lack of partnership with families and note that unless the theory extends to learning at home, the methods don’t always hold in the classroom and learners continue to struggle against stacked expectations.
Gardner also warns against labeling learners with any given intelligence over another or implying unintended hierarchies of value among the eight types of intelligence.
Arts integration took off as an approach to teaching and learning because it taps artistic processes not only as subjects in and of themselves but also as tools for processing knowledge in other subject areas.
For example, a verbal, social learner lights up when they learn about conflict in stories through activities like theater.
On the contrary, the theory of multiple intelligences radically expands our immense and untapped potential.
In the spirit of Walt Whitman, multiple intelligences reminds us that we are complex, and we contain multitudes.Schools in the United States, as a reflection of society at large, often place imbalanced value on linguistic or logical-mathematical intelligence, and learners with intelligence in other modalities risk getting lost, undervalued, or ignored.Learning trends like experiential learning, or ‘learning by doing’ attempts to counter and correct this bias by creating the conditions to tap as many intelligence as possible in the production of new knowledge.Multiple intelligences invite limitless possibilities for teaching and learning, but one of the biggest challenges is determining a learner's primary intelligences in the first place.While many of us have an instinct about how we prefer to learn, being able to identify one's dominant learning style can be a lifelong process that requires experimentation and adaptation over time.Nearly a century later myriad standardized tests are available for a variety of purposes, and they all are based on Binet's premise that a single test can yield a score that captures all of an individual's abilities and potential. How could all of an individual's abilities and potential possibly be captured by a single test, much less a single score?Yet many important educational decisions, including whether a student is accepted into a program or a school, are heavily influenced by a single test or a single score. Guze Professor of Psychiatry and Professor of Neurobiology, department head, psychiatry director of the Taylor Family Institute for Innovative Psychiatric Research and Cynthia S. Wilson Chair and professor and executive director, Virginia Tech School of Neuroscience, Commonwealth Eminent Scholar in Cancer Research, and director of the Center for Glial Biology in Health, Disease & Cancer, Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute• Chuck Zorumski, Samuel B. The information was used to create a test that would discern students' levels of knowledge, designed so that a score of 100 would indicate an average intelligence.The idea that intelligence could be objectively measured and reported by a single score took hold.