Today, most literary scholars think of history as a dynamic interplay of cultural, economic, artistic, religious, political, and social forces.
They don’t necessarily concentrate solely on kings and nobles, or battles and coronations.
This indicates that criticism also includes creative skill to comprehend the literary artist’s work first, and then put forward one’s valid view. The world’s successful critics and theorists are only the renowned literary figures.
As Ben Jonson says that “ To judge of poet is only the faculty of poets”.
This collection of essays defining literary theories is divided into twelve parts: structuralism, feminism, Marxism, 'reader-response', psychoanalytical criticism, deconstruction, post-structuralism, post-modernism, Although readers may take exception to Chandler's representation of the "concept of the `historical situation'" as "under theorized" at this point in critical history, Chandler offers an exceptional discussion of Romantic literary historicism to argue that the theoretically articulated during the latter half of the twentieth century "really" began during the Romantic period: "we most invoke the terms of a historicism that is emergent within Romanticism when we make the historicist critique" (36).
It is a useful collection of pretty uniformly effective papers which seek to restore balance to a field unhelpfully tilted towards Shakespearian concerns alone and which demonstrate the ways in which early modem studies have moved on after the conceives the literary work to be inseparable from the cultures in which the work is produced and read, therefore embedded in social history, which itself is a construct reflective of the critic's culture.Only on the basis of an adequate history of the New Historicism, I suggest, can an adequate theory of the method be articulated.This is because only an awareness of shared cultural contexts will provide the missing medium in which to see the commonality of the New Historicism and those criticisms it has so far sought to distinguish itself from.Early scholars of literature thought of history as a progression: events and ideas built on each other in a linear and causal way. The Mouse notes that the “driest thing” he knows is that “William the Conqueror, whose cause was favoured by the pope, was soon submitted to by the English, who wanted leaders, and had been of late much accustomed to usurpation and conquest.History, consequently, could be understood objectively, as a series of dates, people, facts, and events. Edwin and Morcar, the earls of Mercia and Northumbria—” I think we would all agree to moan “Ugh!Introduction: The records of literary criticism and theory are almost as old as literature itself.As known, literary criticism is a sort of mental exercise of evaluating, classifying, analyzing, interpreting, judging, and valuing the literary art.As she starts swimming, having now shrunk to about two feet in height, she finds herself paddling with an odd menagerie of animals—a mouse, a duck, a lory, an eaglet, and even an extinct dodo bird. ‘Edwin and Morcar, the earls of Mercia and Northumbria, declared for him: and even Stigand, the patriotic archbishop of Canterbury, found it advisable–’” “Found find a thing,” said the Duck: “it’s generally a frog or a worm. ” The Mouse did not notice this question, but hurriedly went on, “‘—found it advisable to go with Edgar Atheling to meet William and offer him the crown. But the insolence of his Normans—’ How are you getting on now, my dear? “As wet as ever,” said Alice in a melancholy tone: “it doesn’t seem to dry me at all.” The mouse believes that by telling a “dry” tale, he will dry off his companions.Needless to say, the animals don’t like being so wet. Let’s listen in on the plans: They were indeed a queer-looking party that assembled on the bank—the birds with draggled feathers, the animals with their fur clinging close to them, and all dripping wet, cross, and uncomfortable. And what better dry tale to tell than one involving a history lesson, one about William the Conqueror (of the eleventh century).Alice kept her eyes anxiously fixed on it, for she felt sure she would catch a bad cold if she did not get dry very soon. ” said the Mouse with an important air, “are you all ready? Edwin and Morcar, the earls of Mercia and Northumbria—’” “Ugh! Just as Alice tumbles down the rabbit hole, you will be asked in this unit to enter the wonderland that is called New Historical criticism.Instead of being dry, we hope that we whet your appetite for writing about literature focusing on history and culture.