For instance, the Council of Europe include all forms of physical exercise, including those competed just for fun.
A wide range of sports were already established by the time of Ancient Greece and the military culture and the development of sport in Greece influenced one another considerably.
Sport became such a prominent part of their culture that the Greeks created the Olympic Games, which in ancient times were held every four years in a small village in the Peloponnesus called Olympia.
The closest to an international agreement on a definition is provided by Sport Accord, which is the association for all the largest international sports federations (including association football, athletics, cycling, tennis, equestrian sports, and more), and is therefore the de facto representative of international sport.
Sport Accord uses the following criteria, determining that a sport should: They also recognise that sport can be primarily physical (such as rugby or athletics), primarily mind (such as chess or Go), predominantly motorised (such as Formula 1 or powerboating), primarily co-ordination (such as billiard sports), or primarily animal-supported (such as equestrian sport).
Sport is also a major source of entertainment for non-participants, with spectator sport drawing large crowds to sport venues, and reaching wider audiences through broadcasting. Kearney, a consultancy, the global sporting industry is worth up to $620 billion as of 2013.
Sport betting is in some cases severely regulated, and in some cases is central to the sport. The singular term "sport" is used in most English dialects to describe the overall concept (e.g.In gymnastics or diving the result is decided by a panel of judges, and therefore subjective.There are many shades of judging between boxing and mixed martial arts, where victory is assigned by judges if neither competitor has lost at the end of the match time.In competitive events, participants are graded or classified based on their "result" and often divided into groups of comparable performance, (e.g. The measurement of the result may be objective or subjective, and corrected with "handicaps" or penalties.In a race, for example, the time to complete the course is an objective measurement.The International Olympic Committee (through ARISF) recognises both chess and bridge as bona fide sports, and Sport Accord, the international sports federation association, recognises five non-physical sports: bridge, chess, draughts (checkers), Go and xiangqi, Sport is usually governed by a set of rules or customs, which serve to ensure fair competition, and allow consistent adjudication of the winner.Winning can be determined by physical events such as scoring goals or crossing a line first.According to Council of Europe, European Sports Charter, article 2.i, 'Sport' means all forms of physical activity which, through casual or organised participation, aim at expressing or improving physical fitness and mental well-being, forming social relationships or obtaining results in competition at all levels." There are opposing views on the necessity of competition as a defining element of a sport, with almost all professional sport involving competition, and governing bodies requiring competition as a prerequisite of recognition by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) or Sport Accord.Other bodies advocate widening the definition of sport to include all physical activity.Sports have been increasingly organised and regulated from the time of the ancient Olympics up to the present century.Industrialisation has brought increased leisure time, letting people attend and follow spectator sports and participate in athletic activities.