Labeled diagrams that are explained in your answer may be useful.
Unit 6 (Protein Synthesis, Gene Expression, DNA Technology) 21.
Unit 4 (Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration) 10.
Describe the similarities and differences between the biochemical pathways of aerobic respiration and photosynthesis in eukaryotic cells.
Begin with the separation of the messenger RNA from the DNA template and end with the release of the protein at the plasma membrane. Describe the steps of protein synthesis, beginning with the attachment of a messenger RNA molecule to the small subunit of a ribosome and ending generalized with the release of the polypeptide from the ribosome.
Include in your answer a discussion of how the different types of RNA function in this process. The diagram below shows a segment of DNA with a total length of 4,900 base pairs.Include in your answer (a) a description of how you would set up and perform the experiment: (b) the results you would expect from your experiments: and (c) an explanation of those results based on the principles involved.(Be sure to clearly state the principles addressed in your discussion.) 9. Choose THREE of the following four types of cellular transport.Scientists recently have proposed a reorganization of the phylogenetic system of classification to include the domain, a new taxonomic category higher (more inclusive) than the Kingdom category, as shown in the following diagram.Universal Ancestor Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya (Eubacteria) (Archaebacteria) (Eukaryotes) Unit 10 (Vertebrates, Basic Animal Structure and Function) 39.The arrows indicate reaction sites for two restriction enzymes (enzyme X and enzyme Y). Assume that a particular genetic condition in a mammalian species causes an inability to digest starch.This disorder occurs with equal frequency in males and females. Include in your discussion the factors that may contribute to the maintenance of genetic isolation. Do the following with reference to the Hardy-Weinberg model. In a laboratory population of diploid, sexually reproducing organisms a certain trait is studied.Select two of the following three pairs and discuss the evolutionary relationships between the two members of each pair you have chosen.In your discussion include structural adaptations and the functional significance.Explain how ATP is involved in each example you choose.Unit 5 (Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, DNA Replication) 17.