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He yearned for the kind of freedom to pursue scientific endeavors that Galileo had not found, and so Descartes proposed a solution to this practical difficulty.
Yet, many dualists would deny that thinking, perceiving, willing, desiring, etc., are reducible to material processes (e.g., brain states).
They believe these psychological or mental activities are best explained as functions of a non-physical substance.
In the classical and mediaeval periods, it was the intellect that was thought to be most obviously resistant to a materialistic account from Descartes on, the main stumbling block to materialist monism was supposed to be 'consciousness', of which phenomenal consciousness or sensation came to be considered as the paradigm instance.
Dualism resolved a conflict for Descartes between his materialist interests and important religious concerns of his time by allowing him to distinguish mechanical behavior from behavior generated by something called 'free will'.
They can certainly be coherently explained by dualism, but it is not necessary to bring in the belief in non-physical reality to explain everything that is hard to talk about physically.(Author not available, DUALISM., The Columbia Encyclopedia, Seventh Edition, .) There are still materialists who deny the existence of consciousness as a distinct phenomenon and regard human beings as no more than elaborate natural automata but their view is so eccentric that it need not detain us here.
The crucial distinction now is as between weak dualists or 'epiphenomenalists' who regard consciousness as no more than the subjective reflection of what is going on in the brain and strong or radical dualists who regard it as a function of mind and as a having a controlling influence on what goes on in the brain.The solution to the problem lay in separating these two commitments into different realms, and that is precisely what Descartes suggested.The dualism of mind and matter suggested that there were two radically different kinds of realities, each sufficient in itself, and each requiring a different methodology with different assumptions. If there is another type of reality besides the body, this non-body can survive death.Some dualists are fond of drawing a significant inference from the fact that we use different kinds of language to talk about physical things and non-physical things.They note that when we talk about physical things we use language that locates or causally connects objects in space.However, I have never had any company that delivers papers within such a short notice. After failing our group project for the first time, we had no option but come to you for assistance for help with the second submission. I cannot thank you enough for the work you have work you have done for me in the past month. You are the one essay help company I would recommend to everyone. With the grades out, we have you to thank for the A we got. As with most longstanding philosophical controversies, it is not easy to see how this argument can ever be resolved.Nevertheless, weak dualists may appeal to the notable progress in brain science following such technological innovations as brain scans etc.Provide an analysis of the debate between the theories of dualism and monism. Support your perspective with research and everyday examples.In addition to this week’s assigned textbook readings you may draw on scholarly online resources. from the APUS online library) and not from commercial websites, blogs, opinion publications, etc.