The core subjects are Mathematics, Science and Technology, Indonesian language and Civic education and Geography.
Science is integrated to different streams such as Biology, Physics, Chemistry and Technology and the twenty percent localized has subjects in Agriculture, Fisheries, Woodcraft and Entrepreneurship.
Water resource education is integrated in the subjects Chemistry, Biology, Geography, Civics, Language and Extra-curricular activities (Lam,2003).
Secondary schools in Singapore can be government funded, government aided or independent.
The 2002 BEC (Basic education Curriculum) is not a sweeping change but a restructuring of the 1983 Elementary Education Curriculum (NESC) and the 1989 New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC).
It is focused on the basics of improving literacy and numeracy while inculcating values across learning areas to make it dynamic (Batomalaque,2002).Competition has become the formula for success where opportunities abound and education is held as the key to unlocking these opportunities.In Thailand, secondary education is divided into two levels, each covering a period of three years.But the long term deterioration in quality showed that Filipino children between nine and fourteen in mathematics, science and reading were two standard deviations below the international Mean (World Bank,1999).In order to arrest this downslide in learning, the Department of Education implemented the new revised basic education curriculum known as the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum with five learning areas namely: Mathematics, English, Science, Filipino and the much maligned Makabayan.At Secondary 3, students can opt for electives of their choice, depending on whether they are in the Arts, Science, Commerce or Technical stream.Singapore’s secondary curriculum is recognized world wide for its ability to develop students with critical thinking and intellectual skills.From Table 1 (p.21), the duration and age of entry as per data from the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) show that the Philippines has the shortest span of basic education compared to its East Asian regional neighbors.The country has the shortest basic education ladder of six plus four, (six years of primary education and four years of secondary education) typified by eight subjects on the average per year level either primary or secondary prior to the 2002 restructured curriculum.In the regional context, the education systems in Asia during the last decade were in a state of flux.However, there has been a general desire to reform the system in order to gain knowledge and skills appropriate to a changing world.