They conduct experiments and document their findings to bring new discoveries to the world.
It's like picking ripe fruit off a tree: You can start with level three.
Likewise, if you are writing a research paper, start to make your outline using the instructions of the journal for the format/headings the journal requires; e.g., Summary, Introduction/Background, Methods, Discussion, References.
Similar structuring can be used for different sections of an application. The first part, Background, will generally be the longest part of this section, even though it is often the least important from the perspective of the reviewer's ability to judge the quality of the applicant as a scientist.
Any bright high school senior can probably write a good Background section, given enough time in the library.
The order of items in a Progress Report of a renewal application should parallel the order of the specific aims of the preceding proposal.
When you are sure that your outline is complete and you are happy with it, go back and check once more for good logical order and parallel construction.Although you must present the final document in the order dictated by the funding agency or the journal, it is not necessary that you work on the parts of the outline in that order.For example, in a grant application which requires an Abstract, Specific Aims, Background, Progress Report--or Preliminary Studies in the case of an initial application--Research Design and Methods, and Literature Cited, it would be wise to outline the sections in the following order: Progress Report/Preliminary Studies, Specific Aims, Research Design and Methods, Background, and Literature Cited. Before you turn the outline to prose, check that all sections of the proposal parallel each other in form and content.But in social sciences, when we think of a sum of 4, should we consider 3 1 to be the same as 2 2?Writing in sociology for research requires many well thought out methods detailed in your sociology research paper outline. Think how much easier it is to view the whole manuscript or research proposal when you have only short, bulleted phrases to deal with as opposed to long, complex paragraphs.This is what an outline should do--allow you to order, categorize, and plan your writing. In the long run, making an outline will not only save you substantial time, but it can sometimes even save you money.It takes the knowledge, experience, and perspective of a good scientist to evaluate the existing knowledge in the field.-Specific Aim 1 will ... The health relevance is ...-Specific Aim 2 will ... The health relevance is ...-Specific Aim 3 will ... When we think of research papers we may imagine a group scientists geared up in their lab coats and pocket protectors.If you have three specific aims, for example, you should have three subsections under "Research Design" and three subsections under "Methods" that follow the order of the specific aims.The "Background" section should provide the background for each of the proposed specific aims, if at all possible, in the same order as in the specific aims.