Sociology Deviance Crime Essay

Sociology Deviance Crime Essay-58
Biologists on the hand perceive deviant behaviors to be caused by personality, genetic, and other biological abnormalities.The theories of stratification have been employed to explain why there exist inequalities in the society.Postmodernism stratification theory on the other hand explains that structures such as gender, ethnicity, and class have declined in importance.

Biologists on the hand perceive deviant behaviors to be caused by personality, genetic, and other biological abnormalities.The theories of stratification have been employed to explain why there exist inequalities in the society.Postmodernism stratification theory on the other hand explains that structures such as gender, ethnicity, and class have declined in importance.

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The theories that have been developed to explain deviance include; the sociological, biological and physical explanation theories of deviant behaviors.

Clinard and Meier (74), outline the sociological theories of explaining deviance as; the Anomie, Conflict, Labeling, Control, and the Learning or Socialization theories.

The New Right stratification theory is more similar to the functionalism theory and assumes that stratification and inequality are the end-products of a meritocratic society properly functioning.

According Clinard and Meier (96), this theory brings out another category of people, the underclass, who are dependent on the welfare payments.

This theory asserts that stratification leads to capitalism, and class polarization and eventually the development of a revolutionary working class.

The Weberianism theory of stratification on the hand perceives stratification as being caused by a combination of many factors like, class, status, power, and party, and not on economic position as earlier assumed.These tendencies are beyond people’s capability to control and are often the cause of deviant behaviors.Theories of Stratification in Modern Day Society According to Clinard and Meier (89), the theories of stratification in the modern society, seek to explain why inequalities exists and why certain social categories are valued more than others.The biological theory contrasts this assumption by asserting that deviant behavior is caused by biological instincts rather than external environmental forces.In Clinard and Meier’s point of view, the biological theory, assumes that criminals typically posses certain distinctive body types or physical traits (79).In respect to poverty and exclusion, these theories, assert that it is necessary for the poor to exist to enable the society to function properly.Conclusion In conclusion, sociologist explains deviant behavior as the result of an interaction with the wrong environment or as a result of unfavorable economic, social, and political conditions.Theses theories explain why poverty and social seclusion persists.Deviance is any behavior that violates cultural norms.Clinard and Meier (93) asserts that the hierarchy that stratification creates allows complex industrial society to function.Marxism theory of stratification on the other hand perceives stratification to be a class conflict, in which case two different classes that have diametrically opposed interests exists.

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