Painless and respectable ways were reserved for the aristocracy; and more painful for the common people, such as hanging or breaking on the wheel.
In other cases, the choice of the method was warranted by the time of crime: witches and heretics had to be burned at the stake.
Various means of capital punishment involved burning, hanging, drowning, crucifixion, breaking on the will, boiling to death, electrocution, firing squad, gassing - the list can be continued.
The choice of a particular method in Europe in the Middle Age, for instance, depended on the social status of the condemned.
The issues involved in the discussion of death penalty usually focus around two main parts.
First, this punishment is analysed from a purely utilitarian perspective in an effort to find out whether application of capital punishment really helps to deter crime and reduce the risk of recidivism, when criminals commit repeated crimes.As part of anti-death penalty movement, this call to repeal this measure has been upheld by various international organizations.For instance, “the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which among other things forbids capital punishment for juveniles, has been signed and ratified by all countries except the USA and Somalia” (Wikipedia).In most nations, death penalty is used to punish criminals for war crimes or serious crimes associated with physical injury.In Asia (Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand) it is used to punish for drug-related crimes, even though these crimes are mot related to physical injury.The first decision to abolish capital punishment was made by the Grand Duke Leopold II of Habsburg in Granducato di Toscana (Tuscany) on 30 November 1786.The duke cancelled the penalty and ordered to destroy all the instruments of murder in his nation after being influenced by the book the Italian Cesare Beccaria Dei Delitti e Delle Pene "On Crimes and Punishments".Access to society journal content varies across our titles.If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box.Still, I do not believe in death as a form of punishment for drug dealers, however heinous their activities might be, since they did not violate human lives.Political crimes should not be punished with death either, as this would open the way to political repression and physical elimination of political rivals, as it happened in Stalin's times in the Soviet Union.