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Furthermore, seminars, conferences, and trades shown are also needed for informal channel of technology transfer.
The case subjects were University of Campinas (UNICAMP) and University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS).
UNISINOS was invited to participate in this research because it has more than 20 patent applications on the Brazilian National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI) as well as a science and technology campus, TT offices and business incubators; fundamentally, there is a structure prepared for the university–industry interaction.
With this research, we were able to conclude that the university–industry interaction, in the cases studied, is in the process of improvement and needs to advance on organizational aspects.
It is necessary that all of the investments return as new products, services and technologies that have a local, regional, national and even international impact, through the implementation of new types of businesses and new markets, thereby generating an economic impact to the country, namely, innovation.
It is necessary that primarily companies and universities understand that they must join efforts in collaborative technological research, so that the financial resources invested are not only accepted as published articles in qualified journals but also turn into technological innovations accepted by the market. (2018), "Technology transfer between universities and companies", Innovation & Management Review, Vol. Thus, the university’s role is important so that the invention reaches the industry fully developed and ready to be produced.
All this investment must return as new products, services and technologies that generate local, regional, national and even international impact, implementing new types of businesses and new markets and yielding an economic impact in the country, thus generating innovation and social well-being. Technology transfer (TT), included in the technological diffusion referenced by Schumpeter in the innovation trilogy (invention, innovation and diffusion), can be seen as a simple exchange, a technique transfer or even a change of ownership; however, it is called a process, which is an important definition to guide some concepts (Garnica, 2007).
However, there are some common fundamentals that could be helpful in analyzing all the activities that are involved.
Some of the clue that has been of help so far identifying technology transfer is what is being transferred, where technology is transferred from, those receiving transferred, and lastly how the technology is delivered to the receiver.
With this research, the authors were able to conclude that the university–industry interaction process has been improving, but it still needs to advance in organizational aspects. https://doi.org/10.1108/INMR-02-2018-002 Download as . Anyone may reproduce, distribute, translate and create derivative works of this article (for both commercial and non-commercial purposes), subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The interaction between universities and companies arises from the need of the productive sector to develop a new technology, product or process, or even when there is an adequately mature invention to be transferred from the university to the company, which is one of the ways interaction may occur (Sankat , 2007).
Some of the aspects to be considered are the adjustments for the institutions’ internal policies, the existing negotiations, the researchers’ behavior regarding the dissemination of the innovation culture and the performance of the technological innovation centers, which gradually are being trained to work in the market as well as in the university. Technological innovation depends on in-depth and specific knowledge.