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They believed that republican ideals of virtue and self-government as well as institutional checks and balances would provide the means for Americans to govern themselves and enjoy their natural rights and liberties.
Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a question.
The Executive Department Further Considered FEDERALIST No. The Duration in Office of the Executive FEDERALIST No. The Same Subject Continued, and Re-Eligibility of the Executive Considered. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists.
It has until lately been a received and uncontradicted opinion that the prosperity of the people of America depended on their continuing firmly united, and the wishes, prayers, and efforts of our best and wisest citizens have been constantly directed to that object.
It is well worthy of consideration therefore, whether it would conduce more to the interest of the people of America that they should, to all general purposes, be one nation, under one federal government, or that they should divide themselves into separate confederacies, and give to the head of each the same kind of powers which they are advised to place in one national government.
The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared FEDERALIST No. The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts. I propose, in a series of papers, to discuss the following interesting particulars: THE UTILITY OF THE UNION TO YOUR POLITICAL PROSPERITY THE INSUFFICIENCY OF THE PRESENT CONFEDERATION TO PRESERVE THAT UNION THE NECESSITY OF A GOVERNMENT AT LEAST EQUALLY ENERGETIC WITH THE ONE PROPOSED, TO THE ATTAINMENT OF THIS OBJECT THE CONFORMITY OF THE PROPOSED CONSTITUTION TO THE TRUE PRINCIPLES OF REPUBLICAN GOVERNMENT ITS ANALOGY TO YOUR OWN STATE CONSTITUTION and lastly, THE ADDITIONAL SECURITY WHICH ITS ADOPTION WILL AFFORD TO THE PRESERVATION OF THAT SPECIES OF GOVERNMENT, TO LIBERTY, AND TO PROPERTY.
These Departments Should Not Be So Far Separated as to Have No Constitutional Control Over Each Other. They shall at least be offered in a spirit which will not disgrace the cause of truth. In the course of the preceding observations, I have had an eye, my fellow-citizens, to putting you upon your guard against all attempts, from whatever quarter, to influence your decision in a matter of the utmost moment to your welfare, by any impressions other than those which may result from the evidence of truth. History will teach us that the former has been found a much more certain road to the introduction of despotism than the latter, and that of those men who have overturned the liberties of republics, the greatest number have begun their career by paying an obsequious court to the people; commencing demagogues, and ending tyrants. Objections to the Power of the Senate To Set as a Court for Impeachments Further Considered. To judge from the conduct of the opposite parties, we shall be led to conclude that they will mutually hope to evince the justness of their opinions, and to increase the number of their converts by the loudness of their declamations and the bitterness of their invectives. A torrent of angry and malignant passions will be let loose. An over-scrupulous jealousy of danger to the rights of the people, which is more commonly the fault of the head than of the heart, will be represented as mere pretense and artifice, the stale bait for popularity at the expense of the public good. An enlightened zeal for the energy and efficiency of government will be stigmatized as the offspring of a temper fond of despotic power and hostile to the principles of liberty. The Same Subject Continued (The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered) FEDERALIST No. The Same Subject Continued (The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered) FEDERALIST No. This shall accordingly constitute the subject of my next address. The same idea, tracing the arguments to their consequences, is held out in several of the late publications against the new Constitution. It will therefore be of use to begin by examining the advantages of that Union, the certain evils, and the probable dangers, to which every State will be exposed from its dissolution. The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles FEDERALIST No. On the Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained. It may perhaps be thought superfluous to offer arguments to prove the utility of the UNION, a point, no doubt, deeply engraved on the hearts of the great body of the people in every State, and one, which it may be imagined, has no adversaries. General View of the Powers Conferred by The Constitution FEDERALIST No. The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered FEDERALIST No. The Same Subject Continued (The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered) FEDERALIST No. Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States FEDERALIST No. The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments. In the progress of this discussion I shall endeavor to give a satisfactory answer to all the objections which shall have made their appearance, that may seem to have any claim to your attention.